|MLA Citation:||Bloomfield, Louis A. "Question 1488"|
How Everything Works 25 May 2018. 25 May 2018 <http://howeverythingworks.org/print1.php?QNum=1488>.
In contrast, there should be very little voltage difference between the other wire (known as "neutral") and the earth. In a properly wired lamp, the large spade on the electric plug (the neutral wire) should connect to the outside of the bulb socket. That way, when you accidentally touch the bulb's base as you screw it in or out, you'll only be connecting your hand to the neutral wire and won't receive a shock. If you miswire the lamp and have the hot wire connected to the outside of the socket, you can get a shock if you accidentally touch the bulb base at any time.